AWS Serverless Services – Everything You Need to Know

Serverless architecture takes away infrastructure management to allow development teams to focus on application functions. It provides them with a framework for creating and deploying apps with scalability in mind.

Amazon Lambda allows developers to run code without provisioning or managing servers; developers only pay for compute resources consumed.

AWS Step Functions is an AWS service designed to make it simple for distributed application developers to orchestrate components with graphic workflows and provide easy scalability of long-running processes.


The serverless architecture is an advantageous paradigm that provides many benefits. It enables developers to focus solely on creating the core features of an app without worrying about infrastructure – something especially helpful for businesses that want to expand without investing in additional servers and infrastructure. Furthermore, serverless also features cost-saving measures like on-demand resource scaling and pay-as-you-go pricing which save both time and money for its implementation.

Serverless functions are an ideal way for web, mobile and IoT apps to handle their backend work efficiently. Triggered by events like customer sign-ups or database changes, serverless functions can execute code quickly and return responses faster – speeding up user response time significantly. Furthermore, serverless functions can also be used to build APIs and interact with 3rd party services like Amazon Lambda which offers numerous APIs as well as integrations with other AWS services.

Real-time management and monitoring capabilities are also a hallmark of serverless architecture, making life much simpler when running complex webs of microservices that form the backbone of serverless apps. Ensuring each component is performing optimally requires sophisticated monitoring tools that offer an overview of overall application health and performance.

AWS provides developers with access to several serverless services that can aid them in developing and deploying complex apps, including AWS Lambda, Amazon API Gateway and Step Functions. Each of these offers different capabilities; however, their basic functions remain constant.

Functions-as-a-Service is a serverless computing model that enables developers to write and run code in the cloud, dramatically decreasing running costs for an app. It’s an ideal option for businesses that need to scale services while improving application performance without spending on infrastructure investments or staff hires.

AWS Lambda is a cloud service that runs your code as needed, charging only for its compute time when executed. Capable of handling up to one million requests per second and designed specifically for high-throughput applications like data processing or mobile apps, AWS Lambda runs on Kubernetes container orchestration framework making deployment and management of large containerized apps easy.


AWS Lambda is an event-driven serverless architecture, running code only when needed to handle requests. This makes it suitable for many use cases including cloud data storage and real-time analytics; plus traditional architectures lack advantages like pay per request pricing and autoscaling.

When you deploy a function using Lambda, it will run in a container managed by AWS that is isolated from other containers and you cannot access any infrastructure resources associated with it. Furthermore, application code executes inside an ephemeral container; hence no application logs can be stored or synced across platforms for inspection and monitoring purposes.

As AWS provides full management of your infrastructure, this allows your team to focus more on completing more productive tasks while saving money by not spending as much on hardware purchases.

AWS Lambda stands out for its low cost. You pay on a per-request basis, making it highly affordable in many situations. Furthermore, its automatic scaling capability meets any rate of requests automatically while resources that are no longer used are shut off immediately to save even more money for you.

Amazon is known for their superior customer support, and this applies particularly to Lambda. Reviews from Trust Radius and G2 Crowd rank the company #1 in their respective industries with an 8.7 rating out of 10, surpassing any competitor by far.

Lambda also allows developers to run functions closer to end users around the world, reducing latency and saving on hardware costs. This is made possible through Amazon’s Lambda@Edge service which is widely available around the globe; however it only applies for certain events, such as web request or SES mass mailing events.

Amazon API Gateway

Amazon API Gateway is a fully managed service that makes publishing, maintaining, securing and monitoring APIs at scale easier. It accepts HTTP or WebSocket requests and forwards them on to backend services like Amazon EC2, DynamoDB or Lambda functions; REST or WebSocket APIs support real-time communication between applications; it caches API endpoint responses to increase performance while decreasing latency.

API Gateway provides multiple tools to authorize and manage third-party developer access to APIs as well as manage traffic throttling, with metrics dashboard monitoring calls to APIs. Furthermore, developers may register custom domain names as API endpoints; API Gateway supports JSON, JavaScript and XML payloads while offering HTTP methods including GET, POST, PUT and DELETE; as well as providing SDK generation for different platforms like Android, iOS and Apache Cordova.

API Gateway also makes life easier by automatically routing requests to private resources in your VPC, making it ideal for web and mobile apps that need secure connections to backend servers. Furthermore, its hybrid architecture supports both public and private API endpoints as well as various authentication mechanisms including tokens, certificates and OAuth2.

Amazon API Gateway’s features make developing and securing microservices simpler, such as API proxies for connecting internal and external applications securely over encrypted connections, load balancing, monitoring and load prioritisation to ensure the most important requests are dealt with first and prevent performance degradation due to high volume requests.

Amazon API Gateway was designed to seamlessly integrate with other AWS cloud services. For instance, it can act as a proxy for Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), DynamoDB and serverless computing services – while simultaneously supporting integration with legacy systems.

Amazon API Gateway is an ideal option for frontend and mobile developers looking to utilize AWS serverless technology, with its ability to handle numerous requests easily while being user-friendly and setup being simple. But you should bear in mind that Amazon API Gateway may add milliseconds to response times when designing microservices applications.

Step Functions

Step Functions is a serverless orchestration service that makes building business-critical applications in a workflow-based approach easier than ever before. Its primary features are state machines and tasks; state machines represent workflows with states performing work and passing data between states until reaching an exit message sent out from another service or AWS Lambda function; tasks are pieces of code which trigger other functions and services or can even act as AWS Lambda functions themselves; state machines can be defined using the Amazon States Language for easy creation and editing.

State machines are an efficient and versatile tool that can be used for a range of tasks, from making decisions and performing parallel branches of execution, to waiting for an event at a specific time or date, retrying an execution and catching errors, receiving JSON input and passing it along as output to subsequent states, as well as managing multiple simultaneous executions simultaneously. AWS Step Functions offers a graphical view of state machines which makes debugging logic and monitoring executions much simpler.

However, using AWS Step Functions does have its drawbacks. Engineers may find the complex syntax difficult to learn and it’s exclusive to AWS; moreover it has limited functionalities – namely a maximum execution time of one year and 90-day execution history storage – making it hard for businesses to use this service in production environments.

Another drawback of AWS Step Functions is requiring access to the public internet; though this usually isn’t an issue for most use cases, companies with strict security policies could find this an impediment to using it in production. Furthermore, state transition fees are charged per state transition which could prove costly if your workflow requires multiple steps – thus potentially dissuading businesses from adopting it for production use altogether. Using AWS PrivateLink in order to connect directly through VPC can significantly cut these costs down significantly while using VPC connection capabilities!

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